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Ovarian cyst /Pcod

PCOD (Polycystic ovarian disease)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid  called follicles,  located in each ovary as seen during an ultrasound exam.

Infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity can all occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. In adolescents, infrequent or absent menstruation may raise suspicion for the condition.

 Precipitating factors


-Absence of ovulation for a long time

-Increased levels of androgens and estrogens due to obesity and overactive adrenal glands.


  • Acne
  • Weightgain and trouble losing weight
  • Extrahair on the face and body. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the chest, belly, and back.
  • Thinning hair on the scalp.
  • Irregular periods. Often women with PCOS have fewer than nine periods a year. Some women have no periods. Others have very heavy bleeding.
  • Fertility problems.
  • Depression
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