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Knee pain

KNEE PAIN/OSTEO ARTHRITIS:

The knee joint is formed by four bones namely the tibia, fibula, femur and patella. Any of the above four bones may be involved in causing the pain in the knee joint pain.

 CAUSES

  •  Sprains and strains
  • Anterior knee pain
  • Cartilage damage
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Tendonitis
  • Bursitis (housemaid’s knee )
  • Torn ligaments or tendons
  • Bleeding into the joint
  • Osgood Schlatter’s disease
  • Gout
  • Septic arthritis (infected knee joint)
  • Injury

 Symptoms

  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

  

Home care

  • Rest and avoid activities that aggravate your pain, especially weight bearing activities.
  • Apply ice. First, apply it every hour for up to 15 minutes. After the first day, apply it at least four times per day.
  • Keep your knee raised as much as possible to bring any swelling down.
  • Wear an ace bandage or elastic sleeve, which you can buy at most pharmacies. This may reduce swelling and provide support.
  • Take acetaminophen for pain or ibuprofen for pain and swelling.
  • Sleep with a pillow underneath or between your knees.
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