Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint. It occurs when you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep even though you had the opportunity to get a full night of sleep. The causes, symptoms and severity of insomnia vary from person to person. Insomnia may include:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Difficulty staying asleep throughout the night
- Waking up too early in the morning
Insomnia involves both a sleep disturbance and daytime symptoms.
Stress and anxiety A poor sleep routine and sleeping environment Lifestyle factors - Drinking alcohol before going to bed, and taking certain recreational drugs can affect your sleep Mental health conditions
- mood disorders –such as depression or bipolar disorder
- anxiety disorders –such as generalized anxiety, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder
- psychotic disorders –such as schizophrenia
With age, sleep patterns tend to change. Many people find that aging causes them to have a harder time falling asleep, and that they wake up more often.
The most common complaints or symptoms in people with insomnia are:
- Trouble falling asleep on most nights
- Feeling tired during the day or falling asleep during the day
- Not feeling refreshed when you wake up
- Waking up several times during sleep
People who have insomnia sometimes keep thinking about getting enough sleep. The more they try to sleep, the more frustrated and upset they get, and the harder falling asleep becomes.